EU - MiCA/TFR Regulations

The European Union has enacted a new law called the Markets in Crypto-Assets (MiCA) regulations, which aims to make Europe a hub for digital assets. The law was drafted in 2020, passed by the European Parliament in April, and officially signed into law on May 31, 2023. The law defines a crypto asset and provides guidelines for crypto asset service providers (CASPs) and crypto asset issuers, requiring them to adhere to certain standards and regulations, such as Anti-Money Laundering rules.

MiCA establishes CASPs as separate legal entities that can obtain a license in any of the 27 EU member states. Stablecoin service providers are required to provide a white paper containing key details about the product and the key players involved. The law, however, does not cover nonfungible tokens (NFTs) or central bank-issued digital assets.

The law is considered a significant step forward for the crypto community, providing a uniform framework for all EU member states. It is hoped that the rest of the world will take note and consider adopting similar regulations. With the clarity that MiCA provides, Europe is positioned to become a more dominant player in the global crypto scene.

What are the key requirements for crypto service providers under the MiCA regulations?

The Markets in Crypto-Assets (MiCA) regulations set forth several key requirements for crypto asset service providers (CASPs) within the European Union:

Legal Status: CASPs are established as separate legal entities under MiCA. This means that a CASP must be a legally recognized entity within one of the 27 EU member states.

Licensing: CASPs can obtain a license in any of the 27 EU member states. Once licensed, they're authorized to conduct business in the region.

Security Measures: CASPs are required to adopt certain security measures to protect the assets they handle and to ensure the integrity of their operations.

Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Compliance: CASPs must adhere to established Anti-Money Laundering regulations. These measures are designed to prevent the use of cryptocurrencies for illegal activities, such as money laundering or financing terrorism.

Market Manipulation and Abuse: Service providers must have measures in place that prevent market manipulation and abuse. This includes monitoring transactions and reporting suspicious activities to relevant authorities.

Regulatory Supervision: CASPs will be under the supervision of regulatory authorities, such as the European Banking Authority. This ensures they comply with the regulations and maintain the required standards.

Disclosure and Transparency: CASPs are required to provide complete and transparent information about the crypto assets they handle. This can include details about the asset's issuance, its nature, the rights it confers, and any associated risks.

Stablecoin Rules: For CASPs dealing with stablecoins, a white paper detailing key aspects of the product, the involved parties, terms of the public offer, blockchain verification mechanism, rights associated with the crypto assets, and the main risks for investors, among other details, must be provided.

Last updated